If you are an active reader who is engaged with the text, you will get more from the reading and you will remember it more clearly. These strategies should work for anything you read.

1. Read slowly.

2. Reread. Read first to understand (as a believer). Read again to respond (as a doubter).

First read the essay as a believer. You want to see the topic from the author’s point of view so that you have a thorough understanding of his or her argument. Read closely, writing in the margins what each paragraph “says” and what it “does”. For example, next to the intro paragraph, you might write for says that it “Gives example of communication problems of students” and for does that it “draws reader in to problem with a clearly unacceptable email.”

Next re-read the essay as a doubter. Raise objections, ask questions, express skepticism, withhold assent, challenge the author’s argument no matter how much you may agree with it. Again, reading as a doubter will give you a more sophisticated understanding of the author’s argument. Read closely, writing your objections and questions in the margin For example, next to the first paragraph, you might write “I bet most of his emails aren't like this.” or “So the writer is just a teacher, not a researcher who has studied how communciation patterns have changed.”

3. Respond in Writing. Instead of passively underlining what seems important, write in the margin WHY it is important. Is it a particular strong or weak point? A major new idea? A significant piece of support? Use the margins to summarize the text, protest the text, and agree with the text. Write questions in the margins. Note places you agree and disagree.

4. Think about the Context of the Text. Ask yourself: who is the author? Who is the intended audience? What occasion prompted the writing? What is the purpose of the writer? Remember the writer is a real person writing for some real reason

5. Talk back to the text after reading. Here are some sentences to complete after reading the essay:
The most important theme(s) of the essay is__.
The most important thing I learned from this essay is__.
I see the author's point of view when he or she says__.
However, I do not really understand what she/he means when she/he says__.
I disagree with ____.

6. Try translating difficult passages. When you stumble over a difficult passage, try rephrasing it in your own words.

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