Sophisticated summary of the thesis and all the main points (may not follow chronology of article, may synthesize information, understands context of argument, contains no misreadings of article); uses attributive tags and/or citations consistently and correctly to indicate the information presented is the author’s and not the student’s; smooth integration of any quotes; adequate paraphrases; smooth transitions between ideas; fluid sentence-level prose

Clear and coherent summary of the thesis and most of the main points; may contain very minor misreadings of article; any personal opinion is limited to the introduction or conclusion; uses attributive tags and/or citations somewhat consistently and correctly; quotes may not be integrated but they are explained; adequate paraphrases with only occasional, minor lapses; competent transitions; clear and concise sentences-level prose with some lapses

Correct summary of purpose of article but may place too much emphasis on one main point, may miss the thesis but summarize the main points, may focus too much on minor points, may misunderstand context of article, may contain some misreadings but these misreadings don’t extend to the purpose or thesis of the article; any personal opinion does not come at expense of summary; uses attributive tags and/or citations inconsistently and/or incorrectly; quotes are unexplained and there may be too many quotes; paraphrases may be too close to original though more than 40% of the original sentence is changed; transitions exist but may be immature; sentences are mostly correct (the occasional fragment or run on) but may be awkward or unvaryingly simplistic.

Inadequate summary (may misread purpose of article; may invent too different a thesis for the article; may read so much into the article that it is somewhat unrecognizable); personal opinion substitutes for summary; fails to use attributive tags and/or citations to indicate the information presented is the author’s and not the student; may be mostly unexplained quotes; most paraphrases too close to original (and less than 20% of original sentence changed); transitions may be nonexistent; sentences contain many errors and boundary issues though they are readable

Exam may fail for any number of reasons: the writer responds to the ideas in the article rather than summarizes; the writer grossly misunderstands or misreads the article; the writer copies sentences without quoting or citing; sentences may be impossible to follow

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